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Genetic testing is required when:

  • The expectant mother will be 35 years of age or older at the time of childbirth;
  • Expectant dad over 42 years of age;
  • The parents are relatives;
  • Previous pregnancies have failed (there were two or more miscarriages or non-developing pregnancies, stillbirth, or a newborn with congenital anomalies);
  • One of the parents is a carrier of a chromosomal abnormality, i. it has a certain chromosomal structural feature called balanced chromosome translocation;
  • The expectant mother became infected with an infectious disease (rubella, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus infection) during pregnancy, was affected by chemical or physical factors (X-rays, temperature), took medication, alcohol, drugs;
  • Fetal or pregnancy pathology is suspected or identified during pregnancy;
  • Indications for genetic counseling could include endless anxiety for the expectant mother, which may seem unfounded. There have been cases where later genetic testing found a pathology in a child.

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